Article has sent Lyubomir Ivanov
http://www.tangra2004bg.org/ TOPOGRAPHIC SURVEY TANGRA 2004/05
LIVINGSTON ISLAND " ANTARCTICA
XIII BULGARIAN NATIONAL ANTARCTIC EXPEDITION
Talking Points and Photos of Dr. Lyubomir Ivanov's presentations as invited lecturer at:
The geographic entity of Antarctica comprises the Antarctic Continent and its adjacent islands and polar waters. Its natural physical boundary is the Antarctic Convergence or Antarctic Polar Front, a well defined 50-km wide zone encircling the earth at about 55° south latitude where cold southern waters and warmer northern waters meet.
see other photographies on www.tangra2004bg.org
by H.E. Solomon Passy
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria
5 April 2005
REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA
MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
Prof. Lyubomir Ivanov and
Participants in the Tangra Expedition
Dear Ladies and Gentlemen,
Let me welcome, on behalf of all of you, the participants in the Antarctic Scientific Expedition of Tangra 2004-2005 - Prof. Lyubomir Ivanov and Doychin Vasilev.
To begin with, I would like to express my satisfaction and delight of the successful bringing to an end of their challenging mission.
In times when other nations and great countries used to discover, explore, settle and name the New World lands; when New York, New Orleans, New Zealand and New Caledonia appeared on the geographical maps, the Bulgarians stayed aside from that process. They were just yearning for liberty in their own lands, and for a statehood of their own.
Therefore, the heart of today's Bulgarian cannot but fill with pride in knowing that at the other end of the world, on the last discovered continent, there are places having such precious for him/her names as Levski, Tervel, Tangra, St. Cyril, St. Metodius, St. Ivan Rilski, Paisiy, Yavorov, Vaptsarov, Serdica, Tryavna and Elena.
Since 1998, small Bulgaria is in the club of 27 states that are responsible for the destiny of Antarctica, together with countries like the USA, Russia, Great Britain and France. We participate in the ultimate, most civilized and wisest land conquest - that of a continent whose fate is important for the future of the whole mankind.
With a modest budget, thanks to the dedication and enthusiasm of our Antarcticians, of the Antarctic Institute of Prof. Hristo Pimpirev, our country is maintaining its own Antarctic base, and has its own share in the exploration of the Ice Continent.
The Tangra Expedition 2004-2005 is yet another proof to that. The traversing in the main range of Tangra Mountain made by Lyubomir Ivanov and Doychin Vasilev is a Bulgarian contribution to the mapping of the continent, the map of which still has quite a few blank spots on it. Therefore, I would like today to publicly express my appreciation for their achievements. And I trust that many Bulgarians share my feelings and gratitude indeed.
Dear friends Lyubo and Doychin, thank you from all our hearts! We are so proud of you!
Yours, With regards (signed)
TANGRA POST OFFICE
(Operational 25 November 2004 - 11 January 2005)
The post office "Antarktika-Tangra 1091" of the Bulgarian Posts Plc was operated under a standard contract for a temporary post office according to the normal traditional practice and regulations of the Bulgarian Posts.
Cancellation was not made on specific days but on any day when letters were posted in the office, so cancellations exist with various dates between 25 November 2004 and 11 January 2005.
Lyubomir Ivanov was the Postmaster responsible for operating the post office Antarktika-Tangra 1091.
The mail (i.e. its post stamps) was cancelled by a standard circular Bulgarian postal seal (metal issue) with an inscription "POSTE BULGARE ANTARKTIKA-TANGRA 1091" on its periphery and date/hour counter in the centre.
Other occasional cachets applied on Tangra 1091 mail often included the triangular cachet of Camp Academia with the inscription "ANTARCTIC EXPEDITION TANGRA 2004 CAMP ACADEMIA" and/or other personal, base and ship cachets.
Mail sent from the Tangra 1091 Post Office might also have cancellations from transit Sofia and Punta Arenas postal services, dated 14 June 2005 and 14 January 2005 respectively.
Other details such as damages and delays:
The weather conditions in Tangra Mountains were harsh, and the facilities at Camp Academia being fairly basic, the mail was kept and processed in conditions of considerable dampness and physical inconvenience.
The mail shipped via Sofia suffered a five-month delay due to its slow transportation in Argentina.
of Bulgarian Antarctic Cartography
Issue Date: 28 February 2006
The souvenir sheet of one stamp depicts a 2005 Bulgarian topographic map of Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. The image is superimposed by a nautical sextant on the stamp, and extends on the sheet towards five emblematic photographs from the Island.
The 2005 Map
L.L. Ivanov et al, Antarctica: Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (from English Strait to Morton Strait, with illustrations and ice-cover distribution), 1:100000 scale topographic map, Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria, Sofia, 2005.
This first Bulgarian map of Livingston Island and Greenwich Island, commissioned by the Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and published in August 2005, draws from the Bulgarian topographic survey Tangra 2004/05 as well as from British mapping and Spanish satellite imagery.
The 19th Century sextant depicted on the stamp refers to the rich heritage of Livingston Island, which possesses the greatest concentration of historical sites in Antarctica and was the first land discovered south of 60 south latitude the world region administered through the Antarctic Treaty system since 1961.
The photographs of the souvenir sheet, in counter-clockwise order:
© L.L. Ivanov
Picture 1. St. Kliment Ohridski, the Bulgarian Antarctic base at Emona Anchorage, South Bay. The base was established in April 1988, and expanded in 1996-98 and subsequently. A post office of the Bulgarian Posts Plc has been in operation at St. Kliment Ohridski since 1994/95. The St. Ivan Rilski Chapel built in 2003 is the first Christian Orthodox edifice in Antarctica. Convenient routes lead from the base area on Bulgarian Beach to a variety of inland and coastal regions of the Island. The base was named after St. Kliment of Ohrid (840-916 AD), a prominent scholar and first Bulgarian bishop whose work in the towns of Devol and Ohrid was commissioned by Czar St. Boris I of Bulgaria.
© L.L. Ivanov
Picture 2. The geographical locality of Camp Academia in upper Huron Glacier, Worner Gap area. Strategically located at elevation 541 m in the northwestern foothills of Zograf Peak, the site provides convenient overland access to the main range of Tangra Mountains to the south; to Bowles Ridge, Vidin Heights, Kaliakra Glacier and Saedinenie Snowfield areas to the north; to Huron Glacier to the east; and Hurd Peninsula, Perunika Glacier and Huntress Glacier to the west. Camp Academia was occupied by the base camp of the Tangra 2004/05 Survey from 3 December 2004 until 2 January 2005. The survey work involved 200 km of trekking and sledge-hauling, as well as the third ascent of Mt. Friesland (1700 m), and the first ascent of the peaks of Lyaskovets (1473 m), Zograf (1011 m), Komini (774 m), Miziya (604 m), and Melnik (696 m). Some 150 geographical features were mapped for the first time and extensive data was gathered, including coordinates and elevation, actual sea shoreline and ice-free zones configuration, and a detailed photographic documentation of previously unexplored areas of both Livingston Island and Greenwich Island. Camp Academia has been designated as the summer post office Tangra 1091 of the Bulgarian Posts Plc since 2004.
© L.L. Ivanov
Picture 3. The spectacular Ongal Peak (1149 m) in Levski Ridge, Tangra Mountains.? First climbed on 21 December 2004, and named after the historic Ongal region of the First Bulgarian Kingdom (7th-11th Century AD) situated north of the Danube delta.
© L.L. Ivanov
Picture 4. A panoramic view from Zemen Knoll (453 m) towards Kaliakra Glacier, Moon Bay and Delchev Ridge. First visited on 25 December 2004, the knoll was named after the town of Zemen in Western Bulgaria known for its 11th Century Monastery.
© L.L. Ivanov
Picture 5. Atanasoff Nunatak (550 m) in the eastern extremity of Bowles Ridge, named in honour of the Bulgarian American John Vincent Atanasoff (1903-1995) who together with Clifford Berry constructed the first electronic digital computer.
First Day Cover: The 1996 Map
L.L. Ivanov, St. Kliment Ohridski Base, Livingston Island, 1:1000 scale topographic map, Atlantic Club of Bulgaria and Bulgarian Antarctic Institute, Sofia, 1996 (in Bulgarian).
This first original Bulgarian topographic map of an Antarctic territory was based on a geodetic survey of the St. Kliment Ohridski area during the 1995/96 Austral Summer. An image of the 1996 map is being used on the First Day Cover, together with the inscriptions 10 Years of Bulgarian Antarctic Cartography and Livingston Island (in Bulgarian).
The cancellation cachet's design utilises a sketch of Livingston Island, the inscriptions '10 Years of Bulgarian Antarctic Cartography', '1000 Sofia' (in Bulgarian), and '28-02-2006'.
Designer: Todor Vardjiev
Photographs: Lyubomir Ivanov
Publisher: Bulgarian Philately and Numismatics
Stamp size: 41x32 mm
Souvenir Sheet size: 86x68 mm
Release date: 28 February 2006
Commemorative Issue Consultant: Lyubomir Ivanov
Denomination: 1 Lev
Liner text: Lyubomir Ivanov
Text authorized for publication
by the Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria